K. Mikroökonomik in:

Thomas Apolte, Dieter Bender, Hartmut Berg, Dieter Cassel, Mathias Erlei, Heinz Grossekettler, Karl-Hans Hartwig, Lothar Hübl, Wolfgang Kerber, Volker Nienhaus, Notburga Ott, Jürgen Siebke, Heinz-Dieter Smeets, H. Jörg Thieme, Uwe Vollmer

Vahlens Kompendium der Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik Band 2, page 13 - 151

9. Edition 2007, ISBN print: 978-3-8006-3405-7, ISBN online: 978-3-8006-4446-9, https://doi.org/10.15358/9783800644469_13

Bibliographic information
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` 8`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a @ ( a + % )6 4"*5 *0& $ 1 8 8 8 $ 8 8 *8 0 @ @ $ D ! . 8 * *8 1 *8 @ ]D R 7 *8 = ! & @ 1 *8 ! .( H 2 D 8 + 1 D ! 2 @ *8 ( ! 7 ! ( @ 1 * *8 ( H ! 7 H 1 # 1 * . . 9 ]D FD GR * ! & @ ! 5 8 @ 4 1 ! 4 1 *8 ! 1 1 D % +D ! 5 8 & ! @ 8 8 8 1 ! 1 8 1 *8 A! BB 5 8 *8 1 1 8 D D D D D D 1 ( = D D $ < 9 D D F> G @ *8 4 1 8 4 8 > $ 1 * ! *8 *8 1 # = ! & 8 2 @ *8 > 1 @ 1& *8 H @ 4 $ 1 = ! *8 4 1 D 8 D $ ( ! D 1 1 *8 @ > = *8 @ > @ 9 D 8 D D D D D D ( D > D D $ < & D ( !> %#,* ,/ '!$ # + - 1 *8 1& $ 8 8 *8 1& % > + ! D F> G D ) $ ( 8 ! 8 ) 0 1 ! " , < ( *8 ! = @ + ( 8 ! ! . ! ! 5 & & ! 7 + $ ! H @ 1 @ + ( @ ! @ = 1 9 1 @ *8 ( ! *8 2 @ C 4 8 4 H ! 7 . ( 1 ! 2 *8 1& 9 7 5 8 4 8 4 ! ( ( * 1 A BB * ( @ 1( C 1 + ( . ! ! @ *8 2 ! @ + 7 L 2 8 D 1 8 & 7 ! % 8 & 8 * 7 ! ! @ @ 1 ( 1 2 @ * @ % 8 7 1 F G 1 2 H @ 0 @ 8 & @ ! 1 & 8 . $! > * ! 7 1 @ D D @ 1 ( *8 1 7 1 *8 ! 0 1 ! 7 1 @ H 1 F & G 0 % > 1 @ 3 0 @ % > @ ! 7 1 1 @ 1 . % * @ 7 1 > @ 1 8 > ! 0 X ! 8 8 = 2& @ + ! @ & ( @ > 1 @ 1 1( 8 ! 0 ) ! @ 1 1 @ * 8 > @ 7 1 ( 0 * % + ( + @ @ 1& + * 1 @ *8 1 8 8 1 1 @ & ! @ 8 8 1 @ ! 8 1 ! 1 9 F G + 8 1 9 F]D R]D RG *8 1( 1 & ! = ! 0 1& + 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 H 8 8 @ = ! *8 1 8 8 2& 1 @ *8 > @ 8 * F G + $ 8 ( 8 @ 8 8 1 * 9 : D D D D :D : @ ! 0 @ 1 0 H D ! @ @ H 1 2 1 8 1 1 @ 1& % > @ & 8 1 ! 1( 0 0 8 8 1 @ 1( $ 1 $ ( !> %#,* ,/ ' 1 # + - 1 - 8 ! @ 1 5 8 8 1( = 8 ? 1 & 8 8 8 1 7 8 ( $ " $ % F ' )G 8 ( % F G 2& 6 8 8 1 + 1 @ = @ & @ 1 C @ 1 *8 % = 8 8 ( 8 @ > @ 1 @ % 6 C . @ 1 *8 & ? H C 1 @ 1 L 1 1 ( L A BB@ 8 % @ = 1 = 1 1 . 2 8 . + ( *060 $ < 8 % 1 1 1 8 * $" * 8 0 @ *8 @ % @ H 1 1 ( ,/>/ ('!$ , % 1 @ ! 2 % @ @ 0 2 % @ C @ ! * % @ 1 ! 1 # @ . &C ! 1 L ! 1 9 : 8 8H 8 8 8 8H 8 8 8H 8 3 & ( 1 > @ 1 *8 @ 1 *8 6 @ ( @ L ( *8 3 & ( + ! 0 & 9 4 2& H % 8 8 @ 8H R 8 @ ( 8 @ 8 8 1& @ . 8 1 @ 1& H 1 # ! 4 2& H % 8 8 @ > ! @ 8 @ 8 8 H 1 4 2& H % @ @ . 8 ! 1 2& % @ 8 @ % = ( @ % 8 1& @ 4 1 4 8 1 = 4 2& H C % @ 8 @ 8H T @ 1 @ = F8 ] G ! 1& 2& % 8 R T 8H@ 1 ! 2 8 ! F8 T G@ @ 1 % 1& @ @ 1 $ 1 > @ 3 @ % F8 @ 8HG @ % & .( H % @ % @ @ & % @ @ % 1& @ F G 1 8 R 8H R C 1 @ 1 *8 % # + - 1 / ! @ . = + 8 R 8H R & & @ 1 @ 1 *8 8 8 T @ 1& % 8H R 1& . @ *8 & % @ *8 H @ 8H R 8 R 1 ! 8 ! 2 * C . 8 T 8H T @ *8 1& 8 # @ *8 % 1 + 1 1 1 ! + C ( < 1 1 @ @ 8 ! 1 1 1 1 7 + & @ 8 3 ! % D 0 ( % D 1 1 # & * @ < 8 & % 8 ! 1 1 F! @ ::)@ * :, G + 1 @ = 8 + 1 8 & & & $ # . F '" G ! 2 1 ( 8 & @ H 1 *8 < + @ 1 1 *8 8 ; 8 ( + + 1 9 $ 68 = @ 1 % @ @ @ 1 5 2 % H 1 @ 8 ! 8 @ = 1 2 1 8 + = ! 1 ! 8 0 = A> BB @ @ 8 568 % D & 5 ! 1 = 1 1 0 @ & 8 1 * 5 = & = 8 8 H 8 & . ! ( # C 1 @ 1 1 @ 1 ( 8 & @ 1 = ( 1 Q 2 @ = 8 1 68 *8 @ 1 1 = 8 1 ! 0 6 " @ ( 1 ! A BB@ 8 # 1 @ + ! .( *8 1 8 8 1 @ . @ 1 $ 8 ! = @ 6 1 ( 1 > ! C @ & ( 1 8 7 . 1 1 ! = 8 *8 8 ( 0 ! = + *8 & ! & ? ! 1 ? @ ! @ D 6 @ 1 ! 1 % & 1 + + ) )$ *8 1 * # 1 *8 @ = ]D R 1 ]D R @ ( . 1 * * $ & C @ @ @ % @ ( L * . 2 @ *8 * 9 D D DH : D DH T @ H 1 * : ] DH ] *8 H@ D *8 @ 1 > F 4 DHG ( 8 2( @ ( 8 @ ! 1 @ 8 * . % H @ ( *8 ! ( @ 1 . @ H . ! 1 $ 1 8 *8 9 D D D : D : D D D D : D : D .( . : D @ D ] $ 1 8 & 7 8 C @ ( F $#G * F]D R]D RG 1 @ ( D Y D T ( D 1 1 @ & * # + - 1 ' @ D F D F 2 @ *8 1 H ! = 1 1 ! 8 1 *8 & *8 @ 1 = ! @ 1 C 1 0 # @ 1 = * 1 @ ( &C & = 1 ! D8 . & 8 & / F ',:@ * , G ! +D8 @ , ! ): % 2 -:9-: 1 ! . % ! & @ 8 ? @ A 8 BB . % 1 & *6 A( BB = 1 7 6 *8 ? . % + ! ! 7 *8 @ 1 . % 1 ! @ *8 = 8 & 1( @ *8 . ! D Y D R @ )'V 7 ! A 8 BB @ ! - V 5 @ 1& *8 )'V ( & K . % 8 % 8 1 ! & ( !+'( '!$ : + + 0. 3 )6*3 )$ + ! = 8 1 = $ + F '" G ! 1 % 3 & 8 7 8 F T :G *8 > @ ! 1 @ 1 $ D *8 ( ( & *8 4 D = *8 @ 1 = ( $ 8 = ? @ & C 1 % T = @ *8 ! @ *8 $ &C = @ @ % 8& @ 1 . = T PF Y G ! 1 $ 1 = % 1 @ * $ 6 6 *8 @ % 5 @ 1 9 56 ( T @ H 1 1 % = 8 3 @ H 8 @ 1 *8 1 0 . 3 D = @ ( + & *8 1 & ; & 6 & * @ * @ ! & ( *8 % * ( *8 F 1 *8 G * 9 . F 1 G % $ D F 1 D G 8 F 1 G % @ 1 4 D D F 1 4 D D G@ 1 ! ( * 1 ]D M D R F 1 ]D M D RG ( 3 ! + ! @ ! F G 1 ! & ? ! *8 @ 1 % *8 2 . 8 D ! = @ % ! *8 @ 1 1 1 1 & @ 1 9 D D D 1 *8 = @ 4 $ ( > 4 $ ( * . 1 9 D D F$ G ( *8 @ = ! *8 @ 1 4 D R D T D *8 1 @ @ ( 9 D D F$ G # + - 1 < ( $ @ F$ G F$ G@ 6 D D D T D @ D D = 1 *8 & * M ! @ 8 8 1 ! 9 2( *8 D 1 @ & . + 1( % ! 2( D @ 1 1 + % ! 2 @ D D @ @ 1 + + & L @ 1 8 8 1 + *8 F $ @ :: G 1 8 @ *8 T : $ D Z *8 ! 8 @ 1 1 ( $ 8 ! 3 1& C @ & ! ! 4 1 4 ( 1 @ 1& 3 @ @ ! $ @ 1 1 *8 ( $ :@- *8 ! ! 1 1 + $ 1 ( 9 C 8 = 9 # 1 + *8 ( = & 1 @ *8 C 8 ( @ ! D ] PF Y G@ 1& *8 & 1 X 0 3 & *8 ( *8 1 D D *8 3 FT G & ! 1( ! 1 9 A BB *8 ! 2 @ = M 1 C 0 1 3 ! -V ( *8 ! :V ( *8 @ & *8 ,"V *8 V 0 1 1 1 & 1 & & H *8 C @ ) 8 3 F G9 # 0 3 D 0 ! ( + 1 @ 1 = F! G ! *8 8 & * ( ( J 1 @ 1 8 @ 1 1 1 = 8 ! *8 0 + *8 @ = 8 1 @ 1 % 7 *8 1 8 D8 1 1& ( 1 = 1 7 +D8 1 1 @ + = @ &C ! & ? ! ! 8( 7 = * C 1 @ & ( = 8 1 # *8 *8 = 2 8 D ! & 7 & #& #& 3 ( 4 > = 6 7 4 1 @ + ! = & ! ( % 2 ( 1 8 ! = 8 - 3 ! 7 5 F G 1 F# 0 G @ 8 @ ! 7 ! 1& @ 7 H > ! 5 ! C ( + 1 1& @ = % 8 7 ! ! 1 6 % 1& @ 1 .( = ! . @ % 8 & @ 1 = 1 ! 1 * 1 & @ 1 ( 8 0 1 % D = ! 1 8 = ! $ 7 > 5 2 @ $ 1 1 ! $ - 2 1 7 . 1 1 . & @ ( 8 & % ) # 0 # @ 5 8 6 ! 7 1 * 8 1 > & 5 . 8 1 1 8 ( + & 1 - = 3 ! 5 @ ! 5 1 5 2 ! 8 ( @ @ A7 BB ! ? 8 .( 5 8 D 1 $ A% 8 5 BB 1 F G % H 1 F% 8 G - 9 : & % 8 5 = 7 ! 8 @ ! + 7 6 3 & . 2 ! # F # G 68 1 $$ $ *8 D ! . 3 $ 1 $ % 8 = @ % ? @ 1 $ + C ? ( % 8 % 2 1 + @ + ) FT G A BB @ Q ? C 3 A*8 BB@ % ! & . 3 * & % 8 < 8 ? @ 1 @ @ 1 + 1 1 ( ( 0 1 1 2 ! ( ( @ + A ( 1 ? BB 7 8 1 ! % 8 @ ! 8 8 ? F G 8 % 8 7 2& % 8 ! 1( @ 7 % 2 ! # 1 = @ $ 9 + F % 8 G 1( ! = 1 @ 1& & 5 8 0 F G & % H + = F% 8 G F G@ ! 7 8 1 2& % 8 @ % F G $ ( 1 % 8 ! @ 1 @ ! C @ 1 % H ( ( 7 ! % 8 ( 0 & @ 1 & ! @ L 1 C ( 2 & 7 5 $ @ @ $ = ! @ 8 9 4 ( L 1 @ 4 @ $ = @ 4 = @ @ + @ ( 2 1 % 8 ! 0 ( $ * ! ? 1 & 1 0 $ 4 1 = 3 ( 5 ? ! 4 ? 1 @ H @ & X & L 1 7 8 L 1 1 ( L 1 0 & 1 0 @ 8 $ - 2 - $ 1 . @ 1 . 0 7 - ) + 1 = 8 @ ! * 1 @ @ & 3 A*8 BB *8 ! 1 @ ! % 8 * 1 C = ( % ! & $ @ 1& % 8 2 & 68 $ 8 ( # ! 1 = & 3 @ 1& + & ( 8 $ $% $ 8 1 & @ 1 7 6 ! @ 1 568 ! 1 @ A* &88 BB A BB@ C & ! * &88 2 @ & 1 ! ! & 1 2 ( 8 ::: @ ( 8 8 :::: 1 ( @ & 2 @ ( F G ,::: F-::: G 1 2& @ = & F G Q & 1 2 @ & 9 1( % ! -::: ] 8 ] ,::: 1 A* &88 BB 8 ! :::: ] 8 ] ::: [ $ 5 2 ( @ ! = & 2 & & 2 & 1 $ 1 H 1 ! @ ! & ! 1 1( @ 1 = @ 1 @ 1 2 ! , @ ( + 1 1 ( ( @ 568 ! 1 1( @ 1 ! +0 T ::: P Y ,::: P T '::: + 1 D 3 ( 1 568 3 @ ! A* &88 BB F :::: G@ 1 ! ( @ 8 8 & F% 8 G 3 9 1 @ D 3 ,::: 1 % -::: ] 8 ] ,::: @ 1& = ! A* &88 BB ! ? ( 1( 1 @ 1 ! 5 >( ! A* &88 BB @ % ! * ! 1 1 @ @ 1 5 1 $ 8 + ! @ ! > 8 + ! & $ * C @ & 2 8 D C > 8 @ 8 0 ! 7 6 1 + 1 - % 9 : 6 & = 1 2 5 7 5 8 8 F + 1 5 & G 1 % 8 7 5 8 H % 8 @ 1 A BB@ $ 5 8 @ ! 8 @ @ ( = 8 + 68 $ 8 ( 5 8 > 1 * 8 $ $& @ > $ - 2 / 5 1& 5& @ 1 5 @ ( @ $ 5 ( 68 1 = 1 @ 5 8 $ *" & 0 F '/ G @ +D 5 0 ( 0 @ + ( ! L 1 5 ( + @ 5 8 @ + ( ! 88 88 88 ! ? 5 + 1 * 1 1 < 8 D @ + 5 D % & @ H ! & & @ * 1 1 - 6 $ ! . ( 1 +D ! 0 0 0 1 @ = % = 1 D ! & 1 & @ 1 ( 8 0 1 C 1 F G . ! + F ' /M ',:G 1 $ F '/-M '"-G 5 3 5 @ ? 1 $ ( 1 @ & @ 5 . @ . 31 3 1 + 1 . & = % A+ 0 BB A BB@ A 6BB 1 A ! # BB % & ( ! # ! 1 ! 5 1 ! & ( + & + 1 @ & 2 1 # @ & # + 1 @ 1 1 ! & $ $ 8 9 0 1 @ + ! * + * = ! & & * ( 1 + 8 ! A# BB@ = * & 0 ! A BB & H 1 @ + * @ H # ? 1 @ 5 2 # ! @ 1 " ! K 7 A# . BB 1 . !@ ( * 2 8 @ 1 ! 1& @ 5 5 $ 0 9 5 + ! * ( = ! 0 * . ( 5& * & @ 1 5 1 9 = $& ! @ . ( 5 1 C 0 1 * ( 0 & @ 1 1 . 5& + 1 . ! + 5 @ & L ! @ 1 = ( . 5 ( ? @ @ 2 < A# BB ( 5 5 7 # 1 @ @ 5 ( # 1 1 $ 1 ! = 2 5 ( & 5 1 = A > & BB A<88 BB $ = ! & $ ( @ ! FA 6 @ 6 6 BBG 0 ( 1 ! 8 = ! 7 ! 2 @ * 8 @ ! @ + * ( 7 * 1 > & & A8 > & BB 8 1 > & 5 @ @ ! & = & @ = & @ ( * ? @ C + 8 @ 8 = D8 +! & = & 1 ! ?( 1 H % @ 1 = 5 @ & 88 = 1 # = + 3 ! ! <88 = ! & . + 1 7 ! & 1 @ = 8 1 @ 1 5 8 @ + 1 <88 .& A ( BB + = D @ = 8 @ $ - 2 ' 0 1 * @ 3 8 = * L 1 @ 7 8 7 * 1 $ H 1 = ! + @ = 88 = = 8 @ = ( A = BB 8& ( @ @ 8 8 = ! H 88 @ = 8 = 5 ! 1 $ F '"-G 1 5 = 6 9 . 8 & 0 0 = ( + = 1 3 1& ( 8 5 8 < H 0 1& $ > & ! $ @ ! = ! % ! 1 7 ! . 8 & + ! . ! = 1 + . 8 @ 1 2 + ! 1 = 1 1 C ! 1 0 ( % ! & + 2 = 1 @ 8 ! 8 . + ! $ . 8 & 8 E . 1 1 & = 1 1 *8 . 1 8 E @ 1& ( . . 8 & ! . < 8 = & ! . *8 & ( 1 9 4 * 8 & ! @ 1 1 % 5 8 ? & & 1 4 * 8 8 & @ * 8 ( 8 1 ( = 1 1 4 2 7 ! # 8 ! @ 1 $ ! @ 8 ! # 8 8 & 4 2 8 & ! @ 1 8 & 8 ( 1 ( & 1 $ : 5 1 1& ! < - " 9 ! 1 & ! 0 ! 8 8 1 ! > ! F# 8G 0 ( 5 @ 2 ( ! 8 7 ! ! 5 1 3 + 8 @ > 8 7 ! = & ( 8 7 ! 68 1 1 3 + 8 * 2 1 1 3 + 8 1 ! + C @ 1 1 1 ! ! 1 1 + 1 A BB@ ! & = ( 3 F+ 8 G 8 7 ! > 8 7 ! = 8 @ 1 8 + C # 7 ! ! 7 ! ! ! # 8 @ 7 ! > *8 & 7 ! % 68 8 7 ! 8 F 8 G 7 ! = 8 8 @ 8 7 H . 8 7 ! 2 @ 5 0 ! & = 8& ( = ( H 1 + 8 F3 G @ ( 5 ( . 8 E 3 8 7 ! = 1 ! @ 5 E ! 1 31 @ 7 ! 3 F+ 8 G C *8 & 8 ! 3 8 ! ! X 2 1 D A BB ? 8 7 ! ! & 0 ! ! ( 8 7 ! ! F# 8G 1 ? @ ! 3 & ! = + 1 $ - 2 8 1 ( @ 8 7 ! 0 1 ! 8 7 ! 1 @ 1 5 $ 0 ! 8 8 1 C 1 ! 8 ! 8 > 5 2 5 K 1 9 2 1 5 . @ . ! 7 5 . @ 2 1 X 3 + 8 5 8 @ ! 1 L C . @ 1 5 @ > ? 8 @ & 1 K 1 # 9 < 7 1 5 @ 5 < - " # + 1 @ ! 7 3 # 8 ! 2 @ & ! ! & 1 K 2 7 @ % ! 7 ! @ ( 9 ! @ 1 ! & . 1( 1 = 5 ! 0 ! & ! @ 1 ! 8 @ & . @ > + + ! > 9 .( . @ 0 7 ! * 1 @ > % . * 1 ! @ 8 1 @ # 1 7 ! ! 1 + ! 8 ! $ @ 1 0 ! ! 1 + % 1& ? ! + @ ? > & = . @ 1 * ( $ 1 3 9 ( % 7 ! & ! 7 H ! > @ = ( ! 8 & 9 ! 7 J # = ( H = & @ 1 C + 1 8 1 . 4 2 % * 8 1 @ 1 @ 1 + * & * 8 ! ( 1 = 1 1 ( @ ( @ 1 . 8 2 < 8 + 4 + ! ? 0 % > ? $ 1 8 & 8 ( & 8 8 4 = & X 4 $ 4 1 ( + & ( 1 @ ( % @ 1 . ! @ 7 ! 0 * 1 ( 8 2 H & 1 @ 1 * ! @ ! $ 1 8 & 3 C ! ( 3 ! $ ( 7 @ 1 . ! 7 & ( 4 7 ! 5 . * 8 1 8 ! = 1 @ 1 1 A & BB 1 1 @ + 8 & C + * 8 ! 8 & ! H 1 ! 1 ? H 1 % 2 9 7 $ 1 @ + ( ? & 8 + 1 @ ? ! ? 1 ! ! < 9 = 7 % + = < - % #$ # 2 8 < D 1 <8 ( . 8 & @ % @ . @ $ - 2 ! 0 ( % % 1 + * H ( @ 1 $ F '' G ! = <8 8 1 @ 8 . & Z D ! @ 1 % 8 . % 0 ! @ ! ( % 5 1 ! 7 2 < + 1 < ! ( 9 . FA BBG@ + FA# BBG A 6 < BB #6 < ! @ 1 5 8 = (8 1 6 & = & 7 ! A# BB 5 8 H C C 0 & * & 568 $ 8 ( 6 < @ . 6 .b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c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c ? F G '' , %+ @ . F ''/G@ 5 +! 2 $ ! @ 9 + @ ,-@ * /-4 ") - F ' G@ 2 @ 5( F G -3 - 3 /- ( 3 - ) F '"-G@ @ - @ # F% 6 G ::) % -3 "- F ''"G@ @ @ $ < F*8 G ::- "- F '')G@ + + ( /' . @ ) @ $ < F*8 G ::) "- F :: G@ + *8 @ $ < F*8 G 1- (- F '/-G@ # 9 6 7 8 @ 1 c F. % G " 1- (- F '"-G@ 5 + 7 ; 8 @ 1 c F. % G 1- (- F '' G@ ; 8 ! + < 9 5 6 * ! @ 9 ! * E 6@ ,@ * ,'4 ', ) (- F '''G@ 5 8 7 < @ @ 7 ! @ ; F; 0 ! 6 % G 3 '

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References

Zusammenfassung

Zum Inhalt:

18 Einzelbeiträge in zwei Bänden gewährleisten einen zuverlässigen Überblick über den Stand der Volkswirtschaftslehre und über die neuen Trends auf diesem Gebiet.

Band 2: • Mikroökonomik • Arbeitsmarktökonomik • Umweltökonomie • Theorie der Wirtschaftspolitik • Wettbewerbspolitik • Stabilitätspolitik • Strukturpolitik • Sozialpolitik • Europäische Integration

Zu den Autoren:

Von Prof. Dr. Thomas Apolte, Prof. Dr. Dieter Bender, Prof. Dr. Hartmut Berg, Prof. Dr. Dieter Cassel, Prof. Dr. Mathias Erlei, Prof. Dr. Heinz Grossekettler, Prof. Dr. Karl-Hans Hartwig, Prof. Dr. Lothar Hübl, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kerber, Prof. Dr. Volker Nienhaus, Prof. Dr. Notburga Ott, Prof. Dr. Jürgen Siebke, Prof. Dr. Heinz-Dieter Smeets, Prof. Dr. H. Jörg Thieme und Prof. Dr. Uwe Vollmer